What is Circulating Supply

circulating supply in crypto

Comparing cryptocurrency markets to regular asset markets, they have unique dynamics. The terms like circulating supply, total supply, and maximum supply can be used to characterize them. Although these traits are comparable to conventional measurements like float or buybacks, they signify distinct dynamics in the bitcoin markets.


Any kind of money that exists digitally or virtually and uses cryptography to safeguard transactions is known as cryptocurrency. Cryptocurrencies use a centralized/decentralized mechanism to track transactions and create new units.

Market Capitalization/Market Cap

Market capitalization is the total worth of all the coins that have been minted for a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin. It is computed by multiplying the number of coins in circulation by the price at which a single coin is currently trading on the market. The entire value of all the coins that have been produced for a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin is its market capitalization.


Mining is the process of creating new Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies and verifying transactions involving those coins. It involves vast, distributed networks of computers that check and secure blockchains, which are digital ledgers that record cryptocurrency transactions.

How Does Mining Function

The three main methods for getting bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are as follows. They are available for purchase on exchanges like Coinbase, as payment for products or services. You can electronically “mine” them. We’re using Bitcoin as an example to discuss the third category in this article.

You might have thought of attempting bitcoin mining on your own. Anyone with a decent home computer could participate ten years ago. But as the blockchain has expanded, more computing power is needed to keep it running. Nowadays, specialist businesses or groups of people pooling their resources almost exclusively carry out mining. Still, it’s useful to understand how it functions

The calculations necessary to validate, log each new bitcoin transaction & guarantee the security of the blockchain is carried by specialized computers. A significant amount of computational power, which is freely provided by miners, is needed to verify the blockchain. The value of the mined coins must be greater than the expense of mining them for this to be lucrative.

What Motivates Miners On

The network runs a drawing. Every machine on the network competes to be the first to decipher a “hash,” or 64-digit hexadecimal number. The likelihood of a miner receiving the reward increases with the speed at which a computer can generate predictions.

Winner receives a predetermined quantity of new bitcoin as well as updates the blockchain ledger with all the newly validated transactions. Adding a newly verified “block” comprising all of those transactions to the chain. In actuality, the payout will keep dropping as mining becomes more challenging until there are no more bitcoin available .

Circulating Supply

Circulating Supply

The number of cryptocurrency coins/ tokens that are openly traded and in circulation is called the “circulating supply.” These coins do not include any that have been locked through staking, governance protocols, or other similar behavior. Given that these tokens are those that most closely reflect the market demand. Circulating supply is typically utilized to compute market capitalization. The burned token is not taken into account in the circulating supply.

A cryptocurrency’s available supply might rise or fall over time. Until the maximum supply of 21 million coins is achieved, the quantity of Bitcoin in circulation will progressively increase. The reason for this slow increase is due to the mining process. This creates new coins on average every 10 minutes. In contrast, coin burn events, result in a reduction in the circulating supply and the permanent removal of coins from the market.

How Circulating Supply is Measured

“Circulating supply” refers to the coins that are available to the general public and is distinct from “total supply” or “maximum supply.” The quantity of coins in circulation, or the number of coins issued minus the number of coins burnt, is how total supply is measured. In essence, the circulating supply plus the coins that is kept in escrow make up the entire supply. The maximum supply, on the other hand, calculates the total number of coins that will ever exist.

The number of cryptocurrency coins or tokens in use fluctuates over time and may rise or fall in value. Additionally, the supply can be reduced accidentally or on purpose with burning coins. Sending money to an unrecoverable address, or losing access to a wallet containing money also decrease supply.

The measure of circulating supply is a rough approximation because the network as a whole has no reliable information of how much of the overall supply is in active circulation.
Total supply and maximum supply should not be used interchangeably as the former refers to the total number of coins that have been intentionally burned while the latter refers to the hard-coded cap that neither the former nor the latter can ever exceed.

Total supply

The total supply of a cryptocurrency is the total amount of tokens on the blockchain, including those not in widespread use. It refers to all of the tokens that are currently in circulation. It includes both unlocked and publicly accessible. Staking, farming, or tokens owned by founders or early investors that are prohibited from sale for a while are examples of locked tokens. Tokens that have burned are not included in the total supply. In the event of significant token burns, the actual total supply can be much lower than anticipated

Max supply

Burning, staking, and other governance methods that result in locking can diminish both the total supply and the circulating supply. Every token that has ever existed, is presently in existence. It is wise to be aware of the maximum supply value when thinking about investing in a cryptocurrency. If there are theoretically an infinite amount of tokens, one can see that their holdings diminished as issuance goes on.

Bottom Line

Comparing cryptocurrency markets to regular asset markets, they have unique dynamics. Circulating supply, total supply, and maximum supply are used to characterize them. Although these traits are comparable to conventional measurements they signify unique dynamics in the markets. we’ve looked at the important related terms that characterize the crypto markets and how it is calculated.

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4 thoughts on “What is Circulating Supply

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